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Protestant Teaching Vs Medieval Catholic


Medieval Europe was run by the Catholic Church up until the beginning of the 16th Century. It is believed that on October 31, 1517 Protestant leader Martin Luther wrote the Ninety-five thesis and pinned this document to the door of All Saint’s Church in Wittenburg, Saxony. Although the pinning of the document to the church door is in dispute. It is believed that this one act was to start a movement of the Protestant Religion that has now become known as The Reformation.


Martin Luther was born in Eiselben, Saxony on November 10, 1483. At that time Saxony was a state under the rule of the Holy Roman Empire.

It is claimed that he entered priesthood due to an incident when travelling back to the University of Erfurt after a visit home. A thunderstorm invoked feelings of dread and fear of divine judgement and this was when he decided to enter the Augustinian order.


In 1516, a Dominican friar by the name of Johann Tetzel was sent to Saxony in order to sell indulgencies. The money that was gained from the sale of indulgences was meant to raise the money needed to rebuild St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Martin Luther was quick to realise that the selling of indulgencies was something that he could never agree with. This led to Martin Luther writing the Ninety-Five Theses in hopes that he could use his education to make changes to the Catholic faith.

The pope ordered Luther to retract his writing but when Luther refused, he was excommunicated by the Roman Catholic Church. Luther’s writings were circulated all over Europe with the aid of the newly invented Printing Press and people flocked to hear Luther speak. Encouraged by his success, Luther went on to write other papers including:


Luther’s writing combined with the printing press allowed his work to be shared all over Europe. Both combined led to the beginning of the Reformation. Martin Luther’s writing and public speaking became a form of Protestant beliefs called Luthernarism. Reformer John Calvin however spoke about his ideals in religion that became known as Calvinism. The two paths of Protestant Religion became the main teachings of Protestant teachings throughout the Reformation and beyond.