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Judicial System In Texas

Texas State is believed to have the most complex system than any other state in the United States or even in the World. Sometimes, even the citizens find it hard knowing what courts to file lawsuits in. The complexity of the system arises due to the many levels of judicial reviews available, how the courts are organized and how judges to these courts choose. There are also three main characteristics of the Judicial System in Texas that make it unique from the normal national norms. The three characteristics are that judges are chosen through partisan elections, different courts have different jurisdiction of the subject matter and that there are the two appellate courts are of the last resort.

The judicial levels in Texas Judicial System

Justice courts: It is the lowest level in the Texas system. These courts handle small claims with claims of less than $5,000 of controversy. Their jurisdiction is also extended to traditional issues that have up to $10,000 in controversy. These courts are however different from the common courtrooms in that the judges do not have to be lawyers. These courts therefore only offer monetary relief. More complex cases are not filed with the justice courts. These courts also don’t have the jurisdiction determine or obtain injunctions to the title of a property. Each county should have at least one justice court.

County courts: This is the second level. This level of courts is allowed to issue injunctions. They are similar to the justice courts in that the judges do not have to be professional lawyers. These courts have the jurisdiction to hear appeal cases filed after a hearing in the justice courts.

District Courts: These courts have a general jurisdiction. They can hear cases of any type. It has got the power to hear cases with more than $5,000 in controversy or cases of civil matter that other courts do not have jurisdiction in. All the attorneys working in district courts should be licensed. This makes it hard to have a district court in every county. Small counties, therefore, have to share district courts. All larger counties, however, have at least one district court.

Consulting an Attorney

Because of the complexity of the Texas Judicial System, it is important to have an attorney to guide you as you file your case. An attorney will help you file your case with the right court. They will also follow up your case to avoid misfiling. This will speed up your case and the attorney may even represent you in the case.